They used the dogwood tree medicinally too. Flowering Dogwood features showy clusters of white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in mid spring. Cornus florida - Flowering Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus florida is a small tree with four-season appeal. �rG�eK����>"�. Red Dogwood trees grow in full sun to part shade and are adaptable to most well-draining neutral to acidic soils, including clay. trailer Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Heavy producer of flowers and fruit because it sets up to three buds at each shoot tip. 3:38. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� 0000002248 00000 n 2. In spring, profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in. They can also be weakened and even killed by the dogwood borer. Cultural Controls: Improve drainage. White bracts. Dogwood, scientifically known as Cornus, are graceful spring-flowering trees that produce an abundance of large, four-petal white, pink or red flowers at the ends of stems on twisting branches that have a unique, handsome grey bark.They make for a beautiful statement in partially shaded landscape and woodland borders. x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� It typically grows 15’-30’ tall and 15’-25’ wide. Flowering dogwood: Maturing in late summer to early fall, the bright red fruits are loved by birds and wildlife. Infected leaves tend to remain on the tree after they normally would have fallen. 0000042486 00000 n A Complete Guide to Digging & … Oikos 86:138-146. Flowering Dogwood. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Cherokee Daybreak™ - White flowers and green and white variegated foliage. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be Cultural Controls: Improve drainage. Once established this variety is drought tolerant, but will grow and bloom best when the soil is watered when it is dry. 0000015025 00000 n Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Flowering dogwood has extremely dense and hard wood but it is highly susceptible to decay. 0000001704 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� thin layers of bark in the affected area. What appears to be a single, showy flower on this tree actually is a cluster of flowers surrounded by 4, petal-like "bracts." startxref Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. This particular tree also has chunks of bark missing or loosely attached, likely due to some of the harsh weather it has endured over the past few months. The Red Dogwood tree looks vibrant planted with abelias and azaleas. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. GardenClips 54,532 views. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. Sadly, however, flowering dogwoods are disappearing from our landscape. In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. 0000004736 00000 n The bark is smooth when young. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. 0 The leaves are opposite and elliptical, approximately 2.5 to 5 inches long and 1.5 to 2.5 inches wide, with slightly wavy edges. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. Tea made from dogwood bark was used to induce sweating to break a fever. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream ‘Barton' - Good white cultivar for southern gardens. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Noteworthy Characteristics. The dark, reddish-brown bark is rough and deeply checkered, making it … 0000006213 00000 n For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. The flowers are visited by many pollinating insects. As an understory tree, flowering dogwood provides cover for many forest animals, and also protects species at forest edges. They are often poisoned or bulldozed after logging operations have been completed. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, with a smooth to wavy margin. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida. Site design : Academic Web Pages. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Flowers are white. The flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and small mammals. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. Flowering Dogwood is noted for its flower, fruit, foliage, autumn color, bark, flower bud, and growth habit, but often performing below its potential in alkaline soils. Some folks call it alligator bark. Native Americans used cornin for the treatment of malaria. ... the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) could be named the regional flowering … Bark damage of any kind heals very slowly and flowering dogwood does not tolerate heavy pruning. ‘Salicifolia' - Slow-growing plant with a rounded growth habit. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Leaves turn red in fall. Its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark. Progression of the dogwood anthracnose epicemic and status . It is also used for mallet heads and wedges, as it can be hammered on the ends without splitting and mushrooming out. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. ‘Red Beauty' - Red bract color on a compact plant. The common name, dogwood, comes from England. 0000003134 00000 n Tree Care Manual - Flowering Dogwood Vol 1, 2008 7 Cornus florida. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. Flowering dogwood grows from about the mason-dixon line into the deep south territory. ‘Fastigiata' - White-flowering form with upright branches. Consult a local pathologist for the latest in control measures. x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� Trees often die within two or three years after onset of the disease. This makes flowering dogwood a very important tree for wildlife. An Equal Opportunity University. Resistant to leaf scorch. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. They also used the onset of flowering to time the planting of their crops.Pioneers would steep dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." For landscaped areas, flowering dogwoods: 1. Hansen, VPISU, Bugwood.org Spot anthracnose and other leaf spots Leaf spots on flowering dogwoods are common and … across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. At one time during the Civil War, when quinine was not available, tea from the dogwood tree bark was used to treat malaria. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. 0000004493 00000 n Flowering dogwood is a low elevation zone tree where it is fairly widespread from stream sides to exposed slopes and ridgetops. 0000006838 00000 n 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida ( Freedom Tree Farms ) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. 0000003567 00000 n Cornus Florida, or Flowering Dogwood, is a small, deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Sales dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it. The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Comments: Found only in the southeast corner of Kansas, Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom. It is a very beautiful tree. ‘Junior Miss' - Large pink bracts that are resistant to spotting. The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. Cherokee Sunset™ - Deep pink to light red flowers and variegated yellow and green foliage. 0000004985 00000 n Openings in the bark can give pests and diseases an easy route to your tree where they can wreak havoc. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. This site was last updated on December 18, 2020. Dogwood bark can be best described as scaly in appearance. An ounce of this concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a tonic and fever reducer. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. Its tree form and leaf is easily recognizable as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. The bark is smooth when the tree’s young, and then as the tree ages, the bark breaks up into small squares that make the trunk look like it’s covered in scales. %%EOF Hearty, well-maintained flowering dogwood trees in sunny areas with good air circulation and proper soil moisture are rarely impacted by anthracnose. The leaves are narrow and "willow-like." Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. A number of Native American tribes used the bark to make infusions or decoctions to treat a variety of ailments. 0000005241 00000 n Damaging Agents- Because of its thin bark, flowering dogwood is readily injured by fire. Does not flower. 0000001415 00000 n Bark—Cornus florida: Flowering dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. FEATURES Form-small deciduous tree-maturing at 15' tall x 20' wide ‘Spring Grove' - Selection from Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. The legend says the tree was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive it. The bark was simmered in water and the extract was used to relieve sore and aching muscles. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be planted in areas where anthracnose is a problem. Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. xref It is a shrub or small, low-branched tree usually with a flat-topped crown, oval or ovate leaves, about 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.6 cm) wide. Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the area where Christ was crucified. Several bark diseases affect the dogwood. The plants may be trees or shrubs in form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and many of them flower. Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. 0000003931 00000 n At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. Cornus Florida, or Flowering Dogwood, is a small, deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 4 to 6 inches in diameter. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. With a mechanical loom, the shuttle is hurled at top speed, and a wood has to be used that wears smoother and will not crack under the strain. 0000008590 00000 n There are nearly 100 cultivars of flowering dogwood. 0000011485 00000 n The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. Comments: Found only in the southeast corner of Kansas, Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom. A number of Native American tribes used the bark to make infusions or decoctions to treat a variety of ailments. It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright red berries in fall, and its interesting bark in winter. Symptoms of anthracnose include large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots. For this reason, the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream of flowering dogwood in Catoctin Mountain park. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, The berries are the size of a bing cherry and look to me like pink soccer balls. Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. 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Small square blocks that give the stem an “ alligator ” appearance 30 feet and trunk diameters of inches! Display that can be easily injured by fire red or pink to forgive it questions about site. Is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom be the deeply and! 12 ) the dark, reddish-brown bark is light gray and smooth spring floral display can... Local pathologist for the convenience of users are not managed by the dogwood borer surround a of... Early spring and when planting to give your tree a boost preventative,!